Explore Your Orthopedic Needs
Which body part is giving you trouble?
The shoulder joint is where the upper arm, shoulder blade and collarbone meet. It is a ball-and-socket joint held together by numerous muscles, tendons and ligaments. Impingement, rotator cuff tears and biceps tendon issues are some of the most common shoulder conditions.
The neck, or cervical spine, is the upper portion of the spine, made up of seven vertebrae. Nerves that begin in the cervical spinal canal control movement and sensation in the head and neck, the shoulders, the diaphragm, the arms and the hands. Nerve compression due to bulging discs or a narrowed spinal canal (stenosis) are common neck conditions.
The back is made of bones called vertebrae and is divided into two sections: the mid back (thoracic spine) and the lower back (lumbar spine). These vertebrae house the spinal cord, which, along with the brain, makes up the central nervous system. Bulging or herniated intervertebral discs and a narrowed spinal canal (stenosis) are common back problems.
The elbow is a hinge joint where the upper arm bone called the humerus meets the two forearm bones--the radius and the ulna. A nerve called the ulnar nerve runs through a narrow space in the elbow and creates that electric feeling when the "funny bone" is struck. Tennis elbow and golfers elbow--two forms of tendinitis--along with ulnar nerve compression are common causes of elbow pain.
The wrist is more complex than it looks. The wrist joint includes the radius and ulna, as well as eight small bones called carpal bones and numerous ligaments and tendons. Fractures and a nerve compression known as carpal tunnel syndrome are two frequent causes of wrist pain.
The hands are remarkably dextrous body parts, but their precision comes at the cost of delicacy. Fractures to one or more of the 27 bones that make up the hand, as well as damage to the soft tissue (ligaments and tendons) are common complaints of the hand.
The hip, a ball-and-socket joint, is surrounded by some of the most powerful muscles in the body (the quadriceps and the gluteus maximus), and one of the hip's component bones, the femur, is the longest and strongest bone in the body. All that strength and power puts tremendous pressure on the hips. Hip osteoarthritis and hip fractures are two of the most common hip conditions.
The knee is one of the most often injured joints in the body, and is the most often replaced. A meeting of the femur and the two bones of the lower leg (fibula and tibia), the knee is capped by the patella bone and surrounded by a number of ligaments and tendons. Soft tissue damage like ACL injuries and meniscus tears are frequent causes of knee pain and instability.
The ankle joint connects the foot with the two lower leg bones, the tibia and the fibula. It also contains numerous ligaments and tendons, the most recognized of which is the Achilles tendon - the body's largest tendon that anchors the calf muscles to the heel bone. Ankle fractures and ligament sprains, as well as strains and tears of the Achilles tendon, are some likely causes of ankle pain.
Both feet together contain nearly a quarter of all the body's bones. Each foot also has 33 joints and more than 100 muscles, tendons and ligaments. Plantar fasciitis, gout and fractures to any of the bones are just some of the conditions that can plague the feet.
Welcome to Summit Medical Group Orthopedics Department. With locations throughout most of north and central New Jersey, we offer unmatched care and unrivaled convenience. Our specialists come from the best and most prestigious residency and fellowship programs in the country. We participate with most insurance providers to ensure the treatment you need is affordable. Watch this video to learn more.
Orthopedic Tip of the Week
“Repetitive activities in organized sports can contribute to overuse injuries. It is important to properly warm up and cool down before and after athletic activities. Young athletes should incorporate strengthening and stretching exercises into their training. Playing different positions and sports throughout the year can minimize the risk of an overuse injury. It is also important to take a break from sports during the year. Current recommendations are for athletes to take off one season per year to allow their bodies to recover and heal.”
Mark Kavanagh, MD, FAAOS